LYCALOPEX GRISEUS PDF

The Argentine gray fox is wide spread throughout Patagonia and western Argentina. It was introduced to Tierra del Fuego in to control the European rabbit. This area now has the highest population density. These foxes are also found on several small islands off the western coast of West Falkland, in Chile, southern Peru, and are believed to exist in central Peru. The Argentine gray fox likes to live in lowlands and foothills of coastal mountain ranges, plains, pampas, deserts, low open grasslands and forest edge habitats.

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The South American gray fox Lycalopex griseus , also known as the Patagonian fox , the chilla or the gray zorro , is a species of Lycalopex , the "false" foxes. It is endemic to the southern part of South America. The South American gray fox is a small fox-like canid , weighing 2. The head is reddish-brown flecked with white. The ears are large and there is a distinct black spot on the chin.

The pelage is brindled, with agouti guard hairs and a short, dense pale undercoat. The underparts are pale grey. The limbs are tawny and the thighs are crossed by a dark bar. The long, bushy tail has a dark dorsal stripe and dark tip with a paler, mottled underside. In Argentina, this species inhabits the western semiarid region of the country, from the Andean spurs ca. In Chile, it is present throughout the country.

Its presence in Peru has been mentioned; to date, however, there has been no confirmation of it. The South American gray fox was introduced to the Falkland Islands in the late s early s and is still present in quite large numbers on Beaver and Weddell Islands plus several smaller islands.

The South American gray fox occurs in a variety of habitats, from the warm, arid scrublands of the Argentine uplands and the cold, arid Patagonian steppe to the forests of southernmost Chile. The diet varies in different parts of its range and at different times of year.

It consists mainly of mammals, birds, arthropods, bird eggs, reptiles, fruit and carrion. The main prey items seem to be small mammals, especially rodents. Fruits eaten include Cryptocarya alba , Lithraea caustica and Prosopanche spp. The South American gray fox breeds in early austral autumn, around March. After a gestation period of two months, two to four kits are born in a den. Not much else is recorded about its lifestyle. The South American gray fox is a largely solitary animal that has long been hunted for its pelt.

The foxes sometimes go near human habitations in search of food such as chickens and sheep, but tend to avoid areas visited by dogs. They are useful in their role as scavengers of carrion and as dispersers of the seeds of the fruit they eat. Where their ranges overlap, the South American gray fox is in competition with the larger culpeo fox.

The former consumes a greater proportion of rodents , and arthropods make a significant portion of its diet, while the culpeo tends to consume larger prey, including the non-native European hare which has been introduced into Chile. These prey animals are partitioned between these two species, with the gray fox being excluded from the best prey territories by the larger culpeo. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

South American gray fox [1] Conservation status. Gray , In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 6 May Global Invasive Species Database. Invasive Species Specialist Group. Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 24 January Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Retrieved 8 April Austral Ecology. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment. Extant Carnivora species. Suborder Feliformia. African palm civet N. Marsh mongoose A.

Bushy-tailed mongoose B. Alexander's kusimanse C. Yellow mongoose C. Pousargues's mongoose D. Angolan slender mongoose G. Ethiopian dwarf mongoose H. Short-tailed mongoose H. White-tailed mongoose I. Liberian mongoose L. Gambian mongoose M.

Selous' mongoose P. Meller's mongoose R. Meerkat S. Spotted hyena C. Brown hyena H. Aardwolf P. Family Felidae. Cheetah A. Caracal C. Bay cat C. European wildcat F.

Ocelot L. Serval L. Canada lynx L. Pallas's cat O. Marbled cat P. Fishing cat P. Cougar P. Jaguarundi H. Lion P. Clouded leopard N. Family Viverridae. Binturong A. Small-toothed palm civet A.

Sulawesi palm civet M. Masked palm civet P. Golden wet-zone palm civet P. Owston's palm civet C. Otter civet C. Hose's palm civet D. Banded palm civet H. Banded linsang P. African civet C. Abyssinian genet G. Central African oyan P. Malabar large-spotted civet V. Small Indian civet V. Family Eupleridae. Fossa C. Eastern falanouc E. Malagasy civet F. Ring-tailed mongoose G.

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South American gray fox

There has been a general disagreement as to generic classification of the South American canids, with most of the disagreement centered on the species australis , culpaeus , griseus , gymnocercus , microtis , sechurae , thous and vetulus ITIS Dusicyon C. Smith, The accepted name of the chilla or Patagonian fox is Lycalopex griseus ; it was previously Pseudalopex griseus and previous to that Dusicyon griseus Otley et al. Scientific names used in this species profile are faithful to the information given in the sources. Subspecies of P. Uses The commercial use of the chilla in South America is considerable; most fox skins originate from Argentina or are shipped via Argentina.

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Lycalopex griseus

The South American gray fox Lycalopex griseus , also known as the Patagonian fox , the chilla or the gray zorro , is a species of Lycalopex , the "false" foxes. It is endemic to the southern part of South America. The South American gray fox is a small fox-like canid , weighing 2. The head is reddish-brown flecked with white. The ears are large and there is a distinct black spot on the chin.

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