Appointed as the chief judge over several districts near Nishapur in Iran , and Baghdad itself, al-Mawardi also served as a diplomat for the Abbasid caliphs al-Qa'im and al-Qadir in negotiations with the Buyid emirs. He is best known for his treatise on "The Ordinances of Government. Al-Mawardi was born in Basrah during the year C. Some authors make the claim that his family was Kurdish,  a claim which is unsubstantiated. The Shafi'i historian al-Khatib al-Baghdadi d.
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Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory, Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah Ordinances of government. Lived and wrote during the period of political transition from Shii Buwayhids to Sunni Seljuks, which brought into question the type of leadership appropriate for Muslim communities. Emphasized the authority of the caliph over that of the sultan in order to strengthen the caliph's hand against military commanders who held the power behind the throne.
Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph.
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Abu al-Hasan al- Mawardi