It was replaced by the new national palace as the official residence of the King in The palace was originally a double-storey mansion called The Big House built in by a local Chinese millionaire, Chan Wing. During the Japanese occupation from to , it was used as the residence of the Japanese Governor. After the surrender of the Japanese on 15 August , the British Military Administration BMA commandeered it for a senior military officers mess from the rank of brigadier. With the formation of the Federation of Malaya in , the Selangor State Government rented the residence from the owners for Straits Dollars 5, a month until Merdeka or Independence in
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The installation of the Supreme King is a very special ceremony. Only on this particular day are the masses able to see his regalia. Several of these are Malaysian National Treasures since The motifs are coloured gold, to add regality and an imperial aura to the throne, and all the designs point upwards to indicate that all beings are created by Allah.
Sultan Muzaffar was a descendant of the Malacca Sultanate which was then exiled in Johor by the Portuguese. He carried on his ship many of the royal regalia of the Malacca Sultanate, including the Royal Crown of Malacca. However, during his journey, his ship entered shallow waters and was stuck. The only way to get the ship sailing again was by reducing the ship load.
So one by one the many items of the ships were thrown into sea but the ship refused to budge. Until finally the only thing left to throw into sea was the Royal Crown of Malacca. The sea was happy with the offering of the Royal Crown because immediately after that the ship miraculously set sail on its own to Perak. The Sultan seeing the miracle as a sign swore that he and his descendants would never wear a crown as Sultans or never be crowned during their installation.
This practice came to be followed by the Malay Sultans of the other states. Therefore, the Malay head-dress known as the Tengkolok came to be the replacement for a crown. For centuries Malay Rulers have worn head-dresses as part of their regalia. They have been wearing head-dresses made of embroidered silk folded in different styles since the days of the Malay Sultanate.
The style of folding is called solek and there are various styles depending on the tradition of the royal family of the particular state. The colour of the head-dress varies from one state to another. The royal head-dress worn by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong during his installation is made of black fabric embroidered with gold thread.
Affixed at the front of the headwear is a crescent-shaped ornament and a pointed star. At the centre of the star is the crest of the Malaysian Government.
The origin of the Muskat can be traced to the ancient kingdom of Muscat , present day Oman. Originally the Muskat was worn by government officials of Kedah. It was the brainchild of the late Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-haj , Malaysia's first prime minister, who was a prince from the Kedah royal house. The Muskat is made of black wool embroidered with gold threads, in the pattern of the hibiscus , Malaysia's national flower. The dress is worn with headgear and embroidered long pants, at ceremonies to mark the King's installation, birthday, official visits to the states and during the opening of the Parliament sitting.
Past Hari Merdeka celebrations saw various other appearances of the dress. The Pending or Royal Buckle is made of pure gold and decorated with 11 rubies. There is an engraved centrepiece featuring the Federation Crest.
The belt is made of heavy ribbed silk and embroidered with floral motifs in gold thread. The most revered item in the Malay royal regalia is the keris. Keris Pendek di-Raja or Royal Short Keris is the short keris made from the steel blades of older keris. It has an ivory hilt and gold-decorated sheath. The hilt is called Hulu Pekaka and shaped like the head of the legendary Garuda bird. The Federation Crest is embossed on the crosspiece of the sheath.
The Keris Panjang di-Raja is the most important symbol of authority during installation ceremonies. Both its hilt and sheath are covered with gold.
The crosspiece of the keris is engraved with the Emblem of Malaysia and that of the eleven Peninsular Malaysia states. Its blade was forged from steel taken from eleven keris from the eleven states. The hilt of the keris is in the form of a horse's hoof with decorations resembling the jering Archidendron pauciflorum fruit.
This keris is worn by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on certain occasions only. The Gendik is made of platinum and studded with diamonds. It is so designed that it can be separated to form a locket and two brooches.
The Kalung di-Raja or Royal Necklace is made of platinum and studded with diamonds. The kalung can be separated into a pair of earrings, brooches and kerabu ornament for the ears. This silver mace symbolises power and is It consists of an orb mounted on a long shaft.
The orb has a crescent and an pointed gold star sitting on it. Around the centre of the orb, the crests of the 11 states of Malaya are embossed in gold. The orb is supported by four tigers while the shaft itself is decorated with six padi stalks carved in gold.
The It consists of a large, conical-shaped head with a golden five-pointed star mounted on a long shaft. Quranic verses are embossed on the head and shaft.
The Cokmar, or War Clubs, is another symbol of power and part of the panoply of authority of the Malaysian Government. The Cokmar are two in number and made of silver. Each is The Pedang and Sundang are traditional Malay weapons that have become symbols of royalty.
These have silver-gilt hilts and sheaths. The Payung Uburubur Kuning yellow royal umbrellas are 20 in number and made of silver. Yellow symbolises royalty and is reserved for royal usage. The Royal Umbrellas are each tipped with an pointed star and crescent.
The Tombak Berambu long spears are also 20 in number, and have blades with three curved indentations. They are made from ancient spears from the 11 states of Peninsular Malaysia.
The Nobat or Royal Musical Ensemble is a form of traditional Malay music, and is considered part of the royal regalia. The Nobat only plays on special occasions like the Installation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong , the investitures of the other Malay Rulers, and the Agong's birthday. The ensemble was introduced in the 15th century. The term originates from the Persian word naubat , which means nine types of instruments.
Currently, only Terengganu , Kelantan , Kedah , Perak and Selangor have their own Nobat ensembles, with instrumentation differing by state. The Kedah and Perak ensembles are the oldest in the federation, while Terrenganu's and Selangor's uses loaned sets the former from the Riau-Lingga Sultanate , last used there in , and the latter as a complete set from Perak given when the state's first ruler was enthroned. Kelantan's ensemble, reformed in , is the youngest existing since the early 20th century.
The Kedahan Nobat adds a velvet-covered mace or sceptre, Nahara drums, and a medium-sized mounted gong. The ensembles in Perak and Selangor have the same instrumentation, while that of Terengganu includes not only the flute, medium drums and trumpet, but also the Gendang Negara or Saku kettle drum and a set of clash cymbals. Kelantan's has an additional serunai plus 2 rebab lutes, 2 large gongs, and 2 more gendang anak. The leader and conductor of a Nobat ensemble is known as the Mahaguru , and is responsible for the musicians under him and for the care and maintenance of the instruments.
The Kedahan Mahaguru also holds the namesake velvet-covered mace present in performances and ensemble rehearsals. While the Perak, Selangor, Terengganu and Kelantan ensembles play in occasions only, Kedah's play everyday before prayer hours and during holidays and celebrations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Regalia and crown jewels by country. Former or historical sovereign states shown in italics. Categories : Crown jewels Regalia Malaysian monarchy. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Istana Negara, Jalan Istana
Regalia of Malaysia