Maxim refers to the established principles and prepositions. That is the general rules or principles or guidelines laid down and which are to be followed by the general public. Maxims are very useful, as with the help of this particular point of law can be understood clearly and precisely and also used for the proper solution of the cases. Maxims are very widely used in various branches of law and so in the law of torts. As the law is a difficult subject having various interpretations, rules, and principles. It is therefore considered necessary to have these combinations of various Latin and French words to be used for much clearer understanding.
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Maxim refers to the established principles and prepositions. That is the general rules or principles or guidelines laid down and which are to be followed by the general public. Maxims are very useful, as with the help of this particular point of law can be understood clearly and precisely and also used for the proper solution of the cases. Maxims are very widely used in various branches of law and so in the law of torts. As the law is a difficult subject having various interpretations, rules, and principles.
It is therefore considered necessary to have these combinations of various Latin and French words to be used for much clearer understanding. However, the only difficult part of the use of these maxims is that they have to be applied with full precaution. The person using these maxims has to make sure that whether the case in which it is applied has its application in the same manner, or whether it is an exception to the general rule, as any alterations of any of these maxims would be dangerous.
Injuria Sine Damno is a legal maxim, which means that injury or loss or damage so caused to the plaintiff without suffering any physical injury or damage. This maxim is well explained in the case Ashby vs. White  where the plaintiff was a qualified voter at a parliamentary election, while the defendant who was a returning officer in election wrongfully refused to take a vote of the plaintiff.
Another leading case is of Bhim Singh vs. State of J. While he was going to attend the assembly session, police there wrongfully arrested him. He was not even presented before the magistrate within the stipulated time. Resultant was that the person was wrongfully deprived of his legal right to attend the meeting and moreover his fundamental right i. It was held that the respondent was responsible, and the petitioner was liable to receive Rs.
In case o Injuria Sine Damno the loss suffered is not any physical loss but due to the violation of legal right. Therefore, damages received by the aggrieved party is because of some kind of loss is being suffered, and hence the amount for damages are determined just to compensate the victim. The amount for compensation can even be rs. Damnum Sine Injuria is a maxim, which refers to injury which is being suffered by the plaintiff but there is no violation of any legal right of a person.
Damnum Sine Injuria, the literal meaning of the word refers to loss or damage in terms of money, property or any physical loss without the infringement of any legal right. It is not actionable in law even if the act so did was intentional and was done to cause injury to other but without infringing on the legal right of the person. This can be better explained in the following case:.
As due to an increase of competition the plaintiff has to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per scholar per quarter. It was held that the plaintiff has no cause of action as no legal right has been infringed by the other companies. According to her, the film hurt the religious feelings of the plaintiff.
It was observed that hurting of religious sentiments did not result in any legal injury, and also that other then the plaintiff no other person feelings were hurt. Therefore it was held that the defendant was not liable. Injuria Sine Damno refers to the damage suffered by the plaintiff due to the violation of legal rights done by the other, even though there is no harm or loss or injury being suffered by the plaintiff.
As any injury suffered without any damage to the legal right is not actionable in law. The basic difference between the two is in their terms only. As Injuria Sine Damno is the legal injury so caused to the plaintiff without any damage to physical injury, while in case of Damnum Sine Injuria it refers to the damages suffered physically by the plaintiff but no damage is being caused to the legal rights as there is no violation of it.
Another point of difference is that the of actionable in law, so Injuria Sine Damno is actionable per se as there is a violation of legal right, while the other is not as there is no violation of any legal right is there.
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Injuria Sine Damno and Damnum Sine Injuria
The law of torts is a collection of all the circumstances in which court gives a remedy by way of damages, for legally unjustified harm or injury done by one to another person. There are three elements which need to be proved before constituting a tort Both the maxims are divided into three parts as follows Click Here. Damnum sine Injuria is a legal maxim which refers to as damages without injury or damages in which there is no infringement of any legal right which are vested with the plaintiff. Since no legal right has been infringed so no action lies in the cases of damnum sine injuria. Damages can be in any form either in the form of any substantial harm or loss suffered from respect to the money, comfort, health, etc.
Damnum Sine injuria & Injuria Sine Damnum: All you must know
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Damnum Sine Injuria and Injuria Sine Damnum
In law , damnum absque injuria Latin for "loss or damage without injury" is a phrase expressing the principle of tort law in which some person natural or legal causes damage or loss to another, but does not injure them. For example, opening a burger stand near someone else's may cause them to lose customers, but this in itself does not give rise to a cause of action for the original burger stand owner. Edward Weeks identified three categories of damnum absque injuria : the absence of legal protection for some interests, the general limits to legal protection of interests, and the varying extent of legal protections of interests. Weeks and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. At the time of Weeks' treatise, there was no legal protection for emotional distress unconnected to a physical injury. Holmes also cited the example of an easement for light and air—if a neighbor built up a tall structure that overshadowed your house, you would have no legal remedy. Weeks and Holmes also identified that there could be damage without legal remedy based on some doctrines that limited liability.
Damnum Sine Injuria And Injuria Sine Damnum
Basically tort means a conduct which is not straight or lawful, but, on the other hand, twisted or unlawful. There are three essential constituents of contract To know whether a person should be held liable for a tort or not these three essentials need to be present that there must be a lawful right, that lawful right has been violated and there is remedy provided in law for the wrongful action to bring plaintiff to a position where he originally was. Tort is a civil wrong provides for remedy, in common law. Law of Torts came from the fresh word which means twisted or wrong; it is based on the old remedies of trespass.