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Oparin also devoted considerable effort to enzymology and helped to develop the foundations of industrial biochemistry in the USSR. When he was nine years old, his family moved to Moscow because there was no secondary school in their village. He attended Moscow State University, majoring in plant physiology, where he was influenced by K. He graduated from the Moscow State University in , and became a professor of biochemistry there in Haldane was independently proposing a similar theory.
As early as , at a meeting of the Russian Botanical Society, he had first introduced his concept of a primordial organism arising in a brew of already-formed organic compounds. He asserted the following tenets:. Oparin showed how organic chemicals in solution may spontaneously form droplets and layers, and outlined a way in which basic organic chemicals might form into microscopic localized systems possible precursors of cells from which primitive living things could develop.
He suggested that different types of coacervates might have formed in the Earth's primordial ocean and, subsequently, been subject to a selection process, eventually leading to life. His proposal that life developed effectively by chance, through a progression from simple to complex self-duplicating organic compounds, initially met with strong opposition, but has since received experimental support such as the famous experiments of Stanley Miller and Harold Urey at the University of Chicago , and has been accepted as a legitimate hypothesis by the scientific community.
In , Oparin helped found the A. He became a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in , and a full member in , and he served as director of the Institute of Biochemistry from until his death. Oparin organized the first international meeting on the origin of life in Moscow in , which was to be followed by other meetings in and in He received the Lenin Prize in and the Lomonosov Gold Medal in "for outstanding achievements in biochemistry".
He was also awarded five Orders of Lenin, the highest decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. See the additional sources and recommended reading list below, or check the physics books page for a full list. Whenever possible, I linked to books with my amazon affiliate code, and as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Purchasing from these links helps to keep the website running, and I am grateful for your support! How fast are we traveling through space??
How fast does light travel? How far is it to space, the Moon, the Sun, the stars, etc? How many stars are there? How does the Sun shine? What different types of stars are there? What is the human body and the Earth, the Sun, the Universe made of? What if the history of the universe were squeezed into the period of one year? What are the coldest and the hottest objects in the universe? What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
What is a planet? What is a dwarf planet? Why do the planets orbit the Sun? Alexander Oparin. If you quote this material please be courteous and provide a link.
He also studied the biochemistry of material processing by plants and enzyme reactions in plant cells. He showed that many food-production processes were based on biocatalysis and developed the foundations for industrial biochemistry in the USSR. Born in Uglich in , Oparin graduated from the Moscow State University in and became a professor of biochemistry there in Many of his early papers were about plant enzymes and their role in metabolism. In s and s he supported the theories of Trofim Lysenko and Olga Lepeshinskaya , who made claims about "the origin of cells from noncellular matter". Oparin became Hero of Socialist Labour in , received the Lenin Prize in and was awarded the Lomonosov Gold Medal in "for outstanding achievements in biochemistry".
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Origen Vida by Oparin
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