Mechanical solidarity is found in less structurally complex societies while organic solidarity emerges in industrialized societies. As part of his theory of the development of societies in, The Division of Labour in Society , sociologist Emile Durkheim characterized two categories of societal solidarity: organic and mechanical. In a society exhibiting mechanical solidarity, its cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity of individuals. People feel connected through similar work, educational and religious training, and lifestyle. Organic solidarity is social cohesion based upon the dependence individuals have on each other in more advanced societies.
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Mechanical solidarity is the social integration of members of a society who have common values and beliefs. In a society characterized by organic solidarity, there is relatively greater division of labour, with individuals functioning much like the interdependent but differentiated organs of a living body. Society relies less on imposing uniform rules on everyone and more on regulating the relations between different groups and persons, often through the greater use of contracts and laws.
Mechanical and organic solidarity. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Mechanical and organic solidarity social theory. See Article History. This article was most recently revised and updated by Jeannette L. Nolen , Assistant Editor.
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Mechanical and organic solidarity
Mechanical and organic solidarity are concepts referring to different modes of establishing and maintaining social order and cohesion. Social scientists have long sought to understand how and why individuals live together—especially in dense settings such as those found in urban environments. In The Division of Labor in Society , Emile Durkheim outlined two theories that attempt to explain how social order and solidarity is established and maintained. Solidarity describes connections between individuals that allow them to form a cohesive social network. Durkheim argued solidarity is significant because it is a necessary component of a functioning civilization and a necessary component of a fulfilling human life.
6.3D: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
Durkheim introduced the terms "mechanical" and "organic solidarity" as part of his theory of the development of societies in The Division of Labour in Society According to Durkheim, the types of social solidarity correlate with types of society, which are mechanical and organic societies. In a society exhibiting mechanical solidarity, its cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity of individuals—people feel connected through similar work, educational and religious training, and lifestyle. Mechanical solidarity normally operates in traditional and small-scale societies.
6.6A: Durkheim’s Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
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