Neoplasia de colon en una hernia inguinal estrangulada. Key words: Hernia. Hartmann's procedure. Inguinal hernia and colonic neoplasm are usual diseases. However, colonic neoplasm occurring in an inguinal hernia sac is rare. Pre-operation diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention in these patients remain a technical challenge for surgeon.
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Neoplasia de colon en una hernia inguinal estrangulada. Key words: Hernia. Hartmann's procedure. Inguinal hernia and colonic neoplasm are usual diseases. However, colonic neoplasm occurring in an inguinal hernia sac is rare.
Pre-operation diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention in these patients remain a technical challenge for surgeon. Clinicians must have a high index of suspicion for these cases and early management can ensure excellent prognosis.
In this article, we report a case of colonic neoplasm presenting a strangulated inguinal hernia. The year-old male was admitted to our emergency department due to watery diarrhea, abdominal distention, and fever on and off for 10 days.
He denied any significant medical or surgical history. On physical examinations, a palpable painful mass was noted in the left groin for long time. Ultrasound examination of the left inguinal mass revealed a huge heterogeneous lesion with fluid accumulation.
Subsequent computed tomography of the abdomen revealed segmental wall thickening of the sigmoid colon with herniated into left scrotal sac Figs. A colonic neoplasm in inguinal hernia was highly suspected. The patient underwent exploration laparotomy with lower midline incision initially.
Subsequently, a left oblique inguinal incision was prescribed to deliver the incarcerated mass into abdominal cavity. Exploration laparotomy with Hartmann's procedure and hernioplasty were performed. The histopathologic examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the adenocarcinoma of sigmoid colon, measured 9 x 7 x 5 cm Fig. However, malignancy of the colon presenting in incarcerated inguinal hernia is rare, occurring in less than 0. A patient with a history of intra-abdominal malignancy presented with a new hernia should be investigated for recurrence 3.
Systemic symptoms, such as unexplained weight loss, anemia, altered bowel habits or rectal bleeding, should awaken to the possibility of a colonic neoplasm. Besides, an abnormally nodular sac noted during surgery should be examined to exclude malignancy.
Lejars classified them into three groups based on the anatomical relationship: intra-saccular, saccular, and extra-saccular 2,4. Intra-saccular tumors include primary tumors incarcerated into the hernia 2 , like this presentation. And saccular tumors are primary or metastatic tumors involve the peritoneum 2.
It may due to the disseminated tumor cells in the peritoneal cavity implanted in a coexistent inguinal hernia sac. In statistics, the incidence of intra-saccular tumors is rare than the metastatic saccular tumors 5. The optimal surgical procedures remained controversial. In our presentation, whether inguinal incision alone or laparotomy alone were not adequate for dissection of neoplasm.
It is because the neoplasm and surrounding inflammatory lesion could not be delivered into the abdomen through the internal ring. Severe surgical approaches had been published before. Jaime Ruiz-Tovar et al. Knecht et al. Wlodarczyk et al. However, radical resection of colonic neoplasm with secure hernioplasty was the principle for management. Chen 1 , K. Hsiao 1 , S. Jao 1 and C. Wu 1 1 Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery. Department of Surgery. Tri-Service General Hospital.
National Defense Medical Center. Taipei, Taiwan. Republic of China. Huailien Armed Forces General Hospital. Huailien, Taiwan. Yoell JH. Surprises in hernial sacs; diagnosis of tumors by microscopic examination. Calif Med Metastatic colon neoplasm found within an inguinal hernia sac: report of a case. Surg Today ; Cancer in inguinal and femoral hernias. Am Surg ; Neoplasm of the sigmoid colon in an incarcerated inguinal hernia.
Can J Surg ; E A study of metastatic cancer found during inguinal hernia repair. Cancer ; Knecht JA. Cancer in inguinal hernias. N Jersey Med ; Coexistence of left inguinal hernia and left colon cancer - a case report and literature review. Mater Med Pol ; Servicios Personalizados Revista. Dear Editor, Inguinal hernia and colonic neoplasm are usual diseases.
Clinical case The year-old male was admitted to our emergency department due to watery diarrhea, abdominal distention, and fever on and off for 10 days.
What Is a Strangulated Hernia?
A strangulated hernia is a life-threatening medical condition. Fatty tissue or a section of the small intestines pushes through a weakened area of the abdominal muscle. The surrounding muscle then clamps down around the tissue, cutting off the blood supply to the small intestine. This strangulation of the small intestine can lead to intestinal perforation, shock, or gangrene death of the protruding tissue, which can lead to death. Unlike other types of hernias , a strangulated hernia causes a number of severe symptoms. Many people have visible bulges in their abdomen or groin, which is a clear indication that a hernia is present. Other symptoms may include:.
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