IKEv1 establishes a secure authenticated communication channel by using either the pre-shared key shared secret , digital signatures, or public key encryption. IKEv1 operates in Main and Aggressive modes. See RFC IKEv2 uses pre-shared key and Digital Signature for authentication. IPsec is a protocol suite for secure IP communications that authenticates and encrypts each IP packet in a communication session.
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IKEv1 establishes a secure authenticated communication channel by using either the pre-shared key shared secret , digital signatures, or public key encryption.
IKEv1 operates in Main and Aggressive modes. See RFC IKEv2 uses pre-shared key and Digital Signature for authentication. IPsec is a protocol suite for secure IP communications that authenticates and encrypts each IP packet in a communication session. Dynamic maps enable IPsec Internet Protocol security. SA Security Association.
SA is the establishment of shared security attributes between two network entities to support secure communication. You can also define the authentication method and server addresses on the Branch Gateway. IKE is a key management protocol used with IPsec protocol to establish a secure communication channel.
IKE provides additional feature, flexibility, and ease of configuration for IPsec standard. VPN enables secure access to a corporate network when located remotely. It enables a computer to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if it were directly connected to the private network, while benefiting from the functionality, security, and management policies of the private network.
This is done by establishing a virtual point-to-point connection through the use of dedicated connections, encryption, or a combination of the two.
To configure a Branch Gateway group:. In the Network Operations app, use the filter to select Groups. The gateway configuration page is displayed.
To configure the authentication method, enable the required option:. To enable XAuth Extended Authentication. XAuth provides a mechanism for requesting individual authentication information from the user, and a local user database or an external authentication server. It provides a method for storing the authentication information centrally in the local network.
Currently, supported methods include:. Configure the required parameters as described in Table 1. Specify the priority number for this policy. Set the value to 1 for the configuration to take priority over the default setting. DES is a common standard for data encryption and a form of secret key cryptography, which uses only one key for encryption and decryption. MD5 Message Digest 5.
The MD5 algorithm is a widely used hash function producing a bit hash value from the data input. SHA is a family of cryptographic hash functions. RSA is a cryptosystem for public-key encryption, and is widely used for securing sensitive data, particularly when being sent over an insecure network such as the Internet. ECDSA is a cryptographic algorithm that supports the use of public or private key pairs for encrypting and decrypting information.
Diffie-Hellman is a key agreement algorithm that allows two parties to agree upon a shared secret, and is used within IKE Internet Key Exchange. Group 1: bit Diffie—Hellman prime modulus group. Group 2: bit Diffie—Hellman prime modulus group. Group bit Diffie—Hellman prime modulus group. The supported range is seconds. The default value is seconds. Configure the required parameters as described in Table 2. Set the priority level for the IPsec Internet Protocol security.
Negotiation requests for security associations try to match the highest-priority map first. If that map does not match, the negotiation request continues down the list to the next highest-priority map until a match is found. PFS refers to the condition in which a current session key or long-term private key does not compromise the past or subsequent keys. Select one of the following groups:.
To add an existing transform, select Add existing transform. Select a transform from the list. Click Save Settings. To add a new transform, select Add new transform. From the Encryption drop-down list, select one of the following encryption types:. From the Hash algorithm drop-down list, select one of the following hash types:. Set the lifetime of the security association for the dynamic peer in seconds. Set the lifetime of the security association for the dynamic peer in kilobytes.
Save the changes. An authentication protocol for wireless networks that extends the methods used by the PPP, a protocol often used when connecting a computer to the Internet. The currently supported methods include:. EAP-TLS is a certificate-based authentication method supporting mutual authentication, integrity-protected ciphersuite negotiation and key exchange between two endpoints. A widely used protocol for securely transporting authentication data across a network tunneled. Configure the required parameters as described in Table 3.
This algorithm is an HMAC function used to hash certain values during the key exchange. Set this to one of the following values based on the value selected for Hash algorithm:. Configure the required parameters as described in Table 4.
Select a transform from the list and save the changes. Was this information helpful? Yes No. Sorry about that! How can we improve it? Please send your comments and suggestions! All Files. Thanks for the feedback. Enable policy. Hash algorithm. Diffie-Hellman group. Enter a name for the dynamic map. Dynamic map. Select the check box to enable the dynamic map. This is enabled by default. PFS group. To add an existing transform, select Add existing transform 2. From the Hash algorithm drop-down list, select one of the following hash types: MD5 Message Digest 5.
Lifetime seconds. Lifetime kilobytes. Select one of the following hash types: MD5 Message Digest 5.
Internet Key Exchange
User-space daemons have easy access to mass storage containing configuration information, such as the IPsec endpoint addresses, keys and certificates, as required. Kernel modules, on the other hand, can process packets efficiently and with minimum overhead—which is important for performance reasons. The IKE protocol uses UDP packets, usually on port , and generally requires 4—6 packets with 2—3 round trips to create an SA security association on both sides. The negotiated key material is then given to the IPsec stack. For instance, this could be an AES key, information identifying the IP endpoints and ports that are to be protected, as well as what type of IPsec tunnel has been created. Implementations vary on how the interception of the packets is done—for example, some use virtual devices, others take a slice out of the firewall, etc. IKEv1 consists of two phases: phase 1 and phase 2.
Internet Key Exchange (IKE) Attributes
IPSec and VPNs